The back matter for Moving Forward: From Space-Age Rides to Civil Rights Sit-Ins with Airman Alton Yates (January 2022) will include a timeline, my author’s note, Steffi Walthall’s illustrator’s note, and an extended quote from Alton Yates himself.

With all this material that Beach Lane Books/Simon & Schuster does include in those final pages, there wasn’t room to also include more than a short selection of the sources I found most helpful in writing the text for the book.

So, I’m presenting the complete bibliography here, and the book will include the URL for the Moving Forward page on my website, which in turn will link to this post.

50th Anniversary Commemoration of the 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday souvenir program book, Jacksonville NAACP, 2010.

“534th Engineer Regiment,” American Battle Monuments Commission. (Available at https://abmc.gov/db-abmc-burial-unit/534th-engineer-regiment. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

1958 yearbook, Holloman Air Force Base.

Andino, Alliniece T. “The day of ax handles; 40 years ago this weekend, Jacksonville gave itself a national reputation for violence,” The Florida Times-Union, August 25, 2000.

Application for Marriage License, Percy Jeffcoat and Alice Cohen, Duval County, Florida, April 19, 1950.

“Army Officer Travels 632 Miles An Hour On The Ground; Gets 2 ‘Shiners’ Becoming Earth’s Fastest Human,” News-Journal (Mansfield, Ohio), December 28, 1954.

Bartley, Abel A. Keeping the Faith: Race, Politics, and Social Development in Jacksonville, Florida, 1940-1970. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2000.

Beeding, Eli L., Jr. Daisy Track Tests, Test Report NR. 6, Aeromedical Field Laboratory, Air Research and Development Command, Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, September 10, 1957.

Beeding, Eli L., Jr. Daisy Track Tests, Test Report NR. 7, Aeromedical Field Laboratory, Air Research and Development Command, Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, March 1958.

Beeding, Eli L., Jr., and John D. Mosely. Human Deceleration Tests, Technical Note, Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, January 1960.

“Bertha Coat [sic] in the 1940 Census,” Ancestry.com.

Brammer, Bill. “Fastest Human on Earth Hails From These Parts,” Austin American-Statesman, June 9, 1954.

Brown, Marjorie Meeks. Remarks at 60th Anniversary Commemoration of the Jacksonville Youth Council’s NAACP 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday; August 27, 2020. (Available at https://youtu.be/i-2h1v6VFdw. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Brown, Marjorie Meeks. Telephone interview by author, April 23, 2020.

Brown, Nikki L.M., and Barry M. Stentiford, editors. The Jim Crow Encyclopedia (Greenwood Milestones in African American History). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2008.

Brumley, Jeff. “What do you do with a beautiful old church in downtown Jacksonville?: Former church, now community space, mirrors downtown’s successes and failures,” The Florida Times-Union, March 19, 2010.

Cassanello, Robert. To Render Invisible: Jim Crow and Public Life in New South Jacksonville. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2013.

“Civil rights movement began with protests,” The Florida Times-Union, August 22, 2010.

Cline, Earl (2008, July 8). Interview with Earl Cline/Interviewers: Jim Mayberry and Michael Smith, New Mexico Museum of Space History.

“The Commanders: Admirals and Generals in the United States Military, 1940–,” BlackPast.org. (Available at https://www.blackpast.org/special-features/the-commanders-admirals-and-generals/. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Company “C,” 534th Engineers Service Battalion, Passenger List of Organizations and Casuals, Headquarters Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, New Jersey, August 30, 1918.

Conner, Deirdre. “Ax Handle Saturday, 1960: A day of defiance in black and white,” The Florida Times-Union, August 22, 2010.

Conner, Deirdre. “Ax Handle Saturday: Teen was at center of the storm: The former youth leader would later write a book about his experiences,” The Florida Times-Union, August 26, 2010.

Cox, Jeremy. “Ax Handle Saturday: Coming home to chaos in the streets: Back in 1960, a young activist came face to face with racist violence,” The Florida Times-Union, August 25, 2010.

Crooks, James B. Jacksonville: The Consolidation Story, from Civil Rights to the Jaguars. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2004.

Daisy Track Decelerator Tests 221651-07, Footage Farm Ltd. (Alton Yates footage available at https://youtu.be/WUtH4KBkuSI?t=463 and https://youtu.be/WUtH4KBkuSI?t=569. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Daisy Track Decelerator Tests 221651-08, Footage Farm Ltd. (Alton Yates footage available at https://youtu.be/WAnjNqwKrwg?t=755. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Daly, Michael. “Survivors of KKK’s Ax Handle Attack Appalled at Trump Speech,” The Daily Beast, June 13, 2020.

Davis, Ennis and Sarah Gojekian. Cohen Brothers: The Big Store. Charleston: The History Press, 2012.
DX 1959 road map: Arkansas Louisiana Mississippi and Transcontinental. Chicago: The H.M. Gousha Company, 1959.

“Florida Death Index, 1877-1998,” database, FamilySearch, Bertha Jeffcoat, 1944; from “Florida Death Index, 1877-1998,” index, Ancestry; citing vol. 1092, certificate number 8127, Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, Jacksonville.

Friar, Siddie. “Civil Rights Leader, Rodney Hurst, discusses Axe Handle Saturday: 60 years later, the struggle continues,” Spinnaker, June 26, 2020.

Gantz, Lt. Col. Kenneth F., USAF, editor. Man in Space: The United States Air Force Program for Developing the Spacecraft Crew. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1959.

“GI Risks Death 65 Times for Science; Alton W. Yates is one of select group of men who are charting frontiers of space travel,” Ebony, May 1959.

Halloran, Richard. “There Is Racism And It Is Ugly,” The New York Times, September 5, 1971.

Hannan, Larry. “Civil rights icon: City race relations need work,” The Florida Times-Union, February 20, 2011.

Hanrahan, James Stephen, and David Bushnell. Space Biology: The Human Factors in Space Flight. New York: Basic Books, 1960.

Harris, Jenese. “Survivor relives violence from Ax Handle Saturday; ‘People simply wanted to hurt me because of the color of my skin,’ Alton Yates recalls,” WJXT, August 24, 2020. (Available at https://www.news4jax.com/features/2020/08/24/survivor-relives-violence-from-ax-handle-saturday/. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

“Historical Report, Aeromedical Field Laboratory,” Directory of Advanced Technology, Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, for period 1 October – 30 December 1960.

“History of Research in Space Biology and Biodynamics at the Air Force Missile Development Center, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, 1946-1958,” Historical Division, Office of Information Services, Air Force Missile Development Center, Air Research and Development Command, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, December 1958.

Hurst, Rodney L. Sr. Interview by Kristin Dodek, February 18, 2005. Samuel Proctor Oral History Program Collection, P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, University of Florida.

Hurst, Rodney L. Sr. It Was Never about a Hot Dog and a Coke! A Personal Account of the 1960 Sit-in Demonstrations in Jacksonville, Florida, and Ax Handle Saturday. Livermore, California: WingSpan Press, 2008.

Hurst, Rodney L. Sr. Remarks at 60th Anniversary Commemoration of the Jacksonville Youth Council’s NAACP 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday; August 27, 2020. (Available at https://youtu.be/MGLsATC8jUo. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Jacksonville Legacy Series: Alton Yates. Directed by Pepper Lindsey and Kent Lindsey, Leadership Jacksonville, 2012. (Available at https://youtu.be/iv0EKZJkAWc. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Kelley, Mary (2016). “The Rhetoric of Public Memory in Urban Park Revitalization in 20th Century Jacksonville, Florida” [Masters Thesis], University of Central Florida.

Kennedy, John F. Speech of Senator John F. Kennedy, Hemming Park, Jacksonville, FL. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. (Available at https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/274809. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Kennedy, Stetson. “Ax Handle Saturday: The untold story behind Jacksonville’s legendary race riot.” Folio Weekly, August 15, 2000.

LaCoste, Richard. “That Others May Live,” St. Anthony Messenger, June 1960.

Lewis, First Lieutenant Sidney T., USAF, and Colonel John P. Stapp, USAF (MC). “Human Tolerance to Aircraft Seat Belt Restraint,” The Journal of Aviation Medicine, March 1958.

Lewis, Sidney T., and John P. Stapp. Air Force Missile Development Center Technical Note: Experiments Conducted on a Swing Device for Determining Human Tolerance to Lap Belt Type Decelerations, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico, December 1957.

Mackowski, Maura Phillips. Testing the Limits: Aviation Medicine and the Origins of Manned Space Flight. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2006.

Mattson, Wayne O., and Martyn D. Tagg. “We Develop Missiles, Not Air!”: The Legacy of Early Missile, Rocket, Instrumentation, and Aeromedical Research Development at Holloman Air Force Base (Cultural Resources Publication No. 2). Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico: Air Combat Command, June 1995.

May, Marvin B. “Part I: Johnsville and the Space Age,” Institute of Navigation ION Newsletter, Summer 2009.

Mayberry, Jim, editor. Curation Paper Number Eight: A Tribute to Edward C. Dittmer Sr. The New Mexico Museum of Space History, Summer 2012.

McEachin, Joel. “Hemming Park ” (Designation Application and Report for Planning and Development Department of the City of Jacksonville, regarding Proposed Designation of Hemming Park LS-16-01), June 22, 2016.

McGovern, James R. Black Eagle: General Daniel “Chappie” James Jr. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1985.

Meeter, George F. The Holloman Story: Eyewitness Accounts of Space Age Research. Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1967.

Merlin, Peter. “NASA – 50th Anniversary of Two Historic X-2 Milestones Celebrated,” NASA.gov, September 22, 2006. (Available at https://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/improvingflight/X-2.html. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Mitchell, Tia. “Key players in Ax Handle Saturday,” The Florida Times-Union, August 27, 2010.

“A Modern ‘Minute Man’; Ace Korea Jet Pilot Patrols N. E. Skies,” The Boston Globe, January 26, 1952.

Murphy, Bridget. “Ax Handle Saturday: Alton Yates Risked His Life for a Principle,” The Florida Times-Union, August 27, 2010.

Murphy, Bridget. “‘Commemoration isn’t a celebration’ of Ax Handle Saturday,” The Florida Times-Union, August 27, 2010.

Nixon, Richard. Remarks of the Vice President, Hemming Park, Jacksonville, FL. Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. (Available at  https://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/node/274003. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Page, Joseph T. Page II. Images of America: New Mexico Space Trail. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2013.

Percy Jeffcoat (1895), Veteran Affairs BIRLS Death File, US Department of Veterans Affairs.

Phillips Petroleum Company 1959 road map: Alabama. Chicago: The H.M. Gousha Company, 1959.

“Pioneers Of The Vertical Frontier — Aeromedical Research Laboratory” (26439), United States Department of Defense, 1967. (Available at https://youtu.be/Pq_C26JG6FQ. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Reddick, Kenneth. Telephone interview by author, May 2, 2018.

Roach, Mary. Packing for Mars: The Curious Science of Life in the Void. New York: W. W. Norton, 2010.

Ryan, Craig. Sonic Wind: The Story of John Paul Stapp and How a Renegade Doctor Became the Fastest Man on Earth. New York: Liveright, 2015.

Shell 1959 road map: Georgia. Chicago: The H.M. Gousha Company, 1959.

“The Significance of the Bopper Track,” ARDC News Review, Air Research and Development Command, February 1959.

Sinclair Oils 1959 road map: Texas–Oklahoma–New Mexico–Mexico. Chicago: Rand McNally and Company, 1959.

Sun Oil Company 1959 road map: Florida. Chicago: The H.M. Gousha Company, 1959.

Sweeney, Richard. “Centrifuge checks orbital pilot stresses,” Aviation Week, June 8, 1959.

“A Teenager In The 1950s, Extreme Sledding For The Air Force,” NPR Morning Edition, August 29, 2014. (Available at https://www.npr.org/2014/08/29/343988510/a-teenager-in-the-1950s-extreme-sledding-for-the-air-force. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Test Report No. 8. Daisy Track Tests 271-337, Run: 4 February – 19 May 1958. Project 7850, Task 78503. Aeromedical Field Laboratory, Directorate of Research and Development. Air Research and Development Command, Air Force Missile Development Center, United States Air Force, Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico. November 1958.

Thomas, Tech. Sgt. Michelle L. “Former Florida Air National Guardsman honored for contributions as space and civil rights pioneer.” The Eagle’s Eye (Florida Air National Guard), Winter 2008.

Treaster, Joseph B. “Daniel James, First Black to Be a Full General, Dies.” The New York Times, February 26, 1978.

Weingroff, Richard F. “President Dwight D. Eisenhower and the Federal Role in Highway Safety,” Federal Highway Administration, 2003.

Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns. New York: Random House, 2010.

Williams, Nikesha Elise. “Ax Handle Saturday,” The Bitter Southerner, September 3, 2020.

Wilson, Richard A. “A Review of Vehicle Impact Testing: How It Began and What Is Being Done.” SAE Transactions, vol. 79, 1970, pp. 1453–1467.

Wolk, Herman S. “When the Color Line Ended,” Air Force Magazine, July 1998.

Wollenweber, Jay. “San Francisco Street Sighting – 1954 Pontiac Chieftain,” California Streets blog, January 15, 2012. (Available at http://californiastreets.blogspot.com/2012/01/san-francisco-street-sighting-1954.html. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Yates, Alton. Interview by Kristin Dodek, February 16, 2005. Samuel Proctor Oral History Program Collection, P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History, University of Florida.

Yates, Alton. “My Incredible Journey,” Friends Journal 37, no. 4 (Winter 2014-2015): 9–13.

Yates, Alton. Interview by Emily Lisska. The Jacksonville History Show, 2006. (Available at https://youtu.be/xivQJZVpYg8. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Yates, Alton. Email message to author, July 29, 2017.

Yates, Alton. Email message to author, August 3, 2017.

Yates, Alton. Email message to author, August 18, 2017.

Yates, Alton. Email message to author, August 23, 2018.

Yates, Alton. Email message to author, October 1, 2020.

Yates, Alton. Email message to author, December 16, 2020.

Yates, Alton. Interview by National Museum of the U.S. Air Force. (Available at https://youtu.be/115–7LPFsc. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Yates, Alton. Oral History, The Florida Times-Union, February 21, 1999.

Yates, Alton. Remarks at 60th Anniversary Commemoration of the Jacksonville Youth Council’s NAACP 1960 Sit-ins and Ax Handle Saturday; August 27, 2020. (Available at https://youtu.be/i-2h1v6VFdw. Accessed July 26, 2021.)

Yates, Alton. Telephone interview by author, June 14, 2017.

Yates, Alton. Telephone interview by author, June 8, 2018.

Yates, Alton. Telephone interview by author, August 23, 2018.

Yates, Alton. Telephone interview by author, September 29, 2020.

Yates, Alton. Text messages to author, March 9, 2021.

Yates, Alton. Zoom interview by author, March 16, 2021.